According to Nikita Duggal of simplilearn,  “The words “leader” and “manager” are among the most used words in business and are often used interchangeably.”  Everyone influences others whether negative, neutral, or positively regardless of title or role.  *Adapted from John C Maxwell.  If we use Dr. Maxwell’s terminology, then everyone is a leader  Are both roles required at work?  Born or developed?  What are the differences? *Adapted from Nikita Duggal, Career Fast Trak.

Some defined differences:

What Managers Do

(Sets the tempo)

What Leaders Do

(Sets the Rhythm)

          Member of organization with responsibilities    Not necessary to hold a management position
Manager Traits Leader Traits
     Ability to execute a vision provided by someone else    Ability to create a vision
     Ability to direct others    Demonstrates honesty and integrity
     Focused on tasks and people    Inspires and helps their team understand their own roles (GRR Collaboration)
     People Performance    Informs others of stance and changes
  • Listen to their subordinates
  • Involve others in key decisions
  • Accommodate reasonable requests for change
  • Push for increased performance
  • Do not need to be an authority figure in the organization
  • A leader can be anyone, any role
  • Inspires others with their personality style, behaviors, and beliefs
  • Take a lot of interest in the success of followers and others around them
  • Temporary power comes and goes from peers and others, based on their ability to inspire, and motivate others
The Three Differences The Three Differences
     Manager organizes    Leader builds new directives when required
     Minimizes risks    Support and Encourage
     Asks “how” and “when”    Asks “what” and “why”
The Patterns The Patterns
     Assembles subordinates    Assembles followers
     Requires productivity and standard performance    Supports and encourages team members (followers)

The Manager – (Tempo = Pace)

Functions of Management/Subordinates follow because they are obligated to title or designation.  Manager traits include:

  • Planning
  • Organizing
  • Directing
  • People Focus
  • If a manager is also a leader, they adequately demonstrate leader behaviors.
    • Communication
    • Motivation
    • Inspiration and guidance
    • Encourage employees to rise to a higher level of productivity

The manager’s focus is to meet organizational goals and objectives.  They are held responsible for their own actions and the actions of their subordinates. Authority is offered with the title with the privilege to promote, hire, fire, or reward subordinates based on their performance and behavior.

Subordinates are required to obey orders from their manager.  Follow the person willingly is optional.

The Manager’s Measured on…


  • Develop/create Roadmap
  • Team to follow the roadmap provided


  • Day-to-day events and expectations
  • Review who is available and has the skillset
  • Anticipate changes along the way


  • Authority to establish work rules, standards, processing, and operating procedures

Focusing on People

  • Listen to their subordinates
  • Involve others in some key decisions
  • Accommodate reasonable requests for change
  • Push for increased performance
  • Monitor performance